• 1. It must be pointed out that it is one of our basic State policies to control population growth while raising the quality of the population. 一定要指出的是国家基本政策之一是在提高人口质量的同时控制人口增长。
• 2. It must be kept in mind that there is no secret of success but hard work. 一定要记住的是成功的秘密是努力的工作。
• 3. It can be seen from this that there is no difficulty in the world we cannot overcome.从这里可看出，世上没有克服不了的困难。
• 5. As is known to us, knowledge is power.众所周知，知识就是力量。
• 6. It is a common saying that where there is a will ,there is a way.俗话说，有志者，事竟成。
• 7. It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each day.很难想象爱迪生每天是怎样工作20小时的。
• 8. It‘s hard to say whether the plan is practical.这个计划是否实际很难说。
• 9. There is no doubt that you will be helped by others if you have any difficulties.毫无疑问，你有困难时，会得到别人的帮助。
• 10. To tell the truth , many mistakes we made could have been avoided.老实说我们所犯的许多错误本来都能够避免的。
• 11. As we know, it was not until recently that the problem was solved.正如我们指的的一样，直到最近，这个问题才被解决。
• 13. All this shows that nothing can prevent us from reaching our aims.这显示了没有事情能够阻挡我们实现目标。
• 14. As far as we know, it took him more than a year to write the book.到目前为止我们所知道的是，他用了10年的时间来写这本书。
• 15. It has been proved that his theory is right.已经证明，他的理论是对的。
• 17. To be frank, whether you like it or not, you have no other choice.老实说，不论你喜不喜欢，你别无选择。
• 19. We will be successful as long as we insist on working hard.只要我们坚持努力工作，我们会成功的。
• 21. It is true that we must make our greater efforts; otherwise we cannot catch up with the developed countries.是真的，我们要作出更大的努力，不然/否则，我们不能赶上发达国家。
• 22. I take it for granted that they will support this idea.我认为他们会支持这个提议是理所当然的。
• 24. In a certain sense, a successful scientist is a person who is never satisfied with what he has achieved.在某种情况下，一个成功的科学家就是一个绝不满足于自己已取得的成就的人。
• 25. There is no denying the fact that the new management method has greatly increased the production. 不可否认的事实是，新的管理方法已经极大提高了产量。
• 26. Upon / On hearing the unexpected news, he was so surprised that he couldn‘t say a word. 一听到这个出乎意料的消息，他惊讶到说不出话来。
• 27, As the saying goes, nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his mind to it.俗话说，世上无难事，只怕有心人。
• 28. Noting can prevent us from realizing the four modernizations.没有事情可以阻止我们实现四个现代化。
• 29. Now in China, more and more families can afford to buy high-grade goods, such as washing machines, TV sets, video-recorders.在今时今日的中国，越来越多的家庭有能力买高档次的货物，例如洗衣机、电视机和录像机。
• 30. No matter how difficult English may be, you should do your best to learn it.不管英语有多么难，你都应该尽你最大的努力来学它。
• 1. The number of visitors has increased year by year. As a result of Reform and Open Policy, the number of them has been increasing greatly each year.游客的数量逐年递增，由于改革开发政策，游客的数量已经每年大幅增加。
• 2. You will forget your tiredness and build up your health.你会忘记疲劳，建造健康。
• 3. But sometimes traveling is not an enjoyable thing, for example, the weather can be changeable. You may be caught in the rain and may catch a cold while travelling. 但有时候，旅游不一定是一件令人享受的事，举个例子，天气多变。你有可能在旅程中被雨淋或着凉感冒。
• 4. The worst thing is that you may have your money stolen and you may have an injury. All these are terrible things which can happen to a tourist.最糟糕的事情事你的钱可能被偷或者你也能发生意外。所有这些事情都是有可能发生在你身上的。
• 5. you must be careful everywhere and try to avoid accidents.你必须要处处小心，尽量去避免意外。
• 6．Our factories will try our best to meet the requirements of consumers.我们的工厂们会尽最大努力来满足顾客们的要求。
• 7.Last Sunday, our class organized some volunteer’s activities, in which all of us took an active part.上个星期天，我们班组织一些志愿活动，我们所有人都参加了。
• 8.These volunteer’s activities can help us to gain some social experience and make good sense of our personal values as well. 这些义务活动能帮我们获取一些社会经验同时也能帮我们意识到自身的价值。
• 9. Group three helped to raise money in the street for the “Hope Project”, so that more children in poor areas can afford their schooling.第三组帮忙到街上集款给“希望工程”，以至于有更多的贫困地区的孩子们能读得起书。
• 10. Compared with the traditional cards, electronic cards are more interesting and lively.与传统的卡片相比，电子卡更有趣和生动。
• 11. In Guangming Middle School, every Sunday afternoon from 2:30 p.m.to 4:30 p.m., there is an English corner. 在光明中学，每周日下午从2.30到4.30，有一个英语角。
• 12. Apart from students from Guangming Middle school, the attendants include students from other middle schools or colleges, even doctors and engineers.除了光明中学的学生之外，参加的人还有其他中学的学生或大学的学生，甚至还有医生和工程师们。
• 13.All the teachers and the students are expected to be present at the art festival. There is sure to be a lot of fun. Do come and join us.所有的老师和学生都要出席学校的艺术节。到时肯定很好玩。请务必到场加入我们。
• 14.Although Li Hua was the last one to cross the finishing line, he won the “Courage Cup” with honor. I was deeply touched by Li Hua’s great determination. 虽然李华是最后一个冲线的人，但他赢得了勇气杯。我被李华的坚强意志深深地感动了。
Be getting on well with one’s study某人的学习越来越好
take several courses at school在学校学若干门课程
have English (Chinese, Physics…) every (other )day work hard at …
put one’s heart into…专心于;致力于
be interested in …
be fond of
like chemistry best
be good at …; be poor at …; do well in …; be weak in …
make progress in …; fail in …’ be tired of …’
pass the examination; give sb. a passing grade;
major in history 主修历史
He has the best record in school. 他的成绩最棒。
get a doctor’s degree 获得博士学位
be more interesting to sb.
learn about; succeed in…; be active in class (work);
take an active part in …; learn… by heart;
work out a (maths) problem; improve oneself in …;
get 90 marks for (English); get an “A” in the exam;
have a good command of…
lay a good foundation in (language study)
?get on well with sb; like to be with students;
?be gentle with us; be kind to sb;
?be a strict teacher; be strict with one’s pupils;
?be strict in work
?We think of him (her) as …; help sb with sth;
?praise sb for sth …; blame sb for sth..
?give advice on …; question sb on …
?be satisfied with …
?correct the students’ homework carefully and prepare for the next day; give sb a lot of work;
try to teach sb good study habits; make one’s lessons lively and interesting; teach sb. sth.;
teach sb to do sth.
devote all one’s time to work;
admire (sb.for) his devotion to the cause of education
spend one’s time in many different ways;
enjoy doing things by oneself; go swimming;
go for an outing; have an outing at (the seashore);
see the sights of Beijing; play the piano (violin);
play chess (basketball); have a swim;
have dances on weekends; have a picnic over the weekend;
go to the cinema; have a party; hold a sports meeting;
do some reading; help sb do sth; enjoy a family trip;
get everything ready for;
ride one’s bike with sb.to(the park);
There are a lot of activities at (the beach).
We enjoy a change from our busy life in the city.
She would like to bring sth. to the picnic.
It was a very relaxing Sunday.
There are good programmes on TV on weekends.
take a message for sb; send a message to sb;
hear from sb; talk about/of sth; tell sb to do sth;
get information about…;
express one’s idea (feelings) in English用英语表达一个人的思想（感情）;
Write sb a letter saying…给某人写信说... ， apologize to sb for…
thank you for …; make a speech t at the meeting;
explain sth to s; look upon sb as …; think sb to be …;
take sb’s side
??would like to do; allow sb to do;
??keep sb from doing (prevent sb. from doing);
??call on sb to do; be afraid to do (be afraid of …)；
??fee like doing; insist on doing; drive sb. off;
??speak highly of sb; speak ill of sb; think highly of sb;
??force sb to do; offer to do; refuse to do; agree to do;
??prefer to do A rather than do B; had better do;
??would rather (not) do.
have the habit of doing…; have no trouble doing;
??make up one’s mind to do;
??prepare sb for …; give up doing…; do sth as usual;
??do what he wants us to do; set about doing;
??try one’s best to do…=go all out to do;
??get into trouble; help sb out; do one’s bit for New China;
??wait for sb to do; find a way to do; make friends with sb;
??show (tell) sb. how to do…; take (send) sb to …;
??I’m trying to find…;
??I’m afraid we are out of …;
??pass the time doing; feel a little excited about doing…;
??can’t help doing…; do some good deeds to people;
??be prepared for more hard work;
??Some are doing A, others are doing B, and still others are doing C.
7、感观活动与思维活动 ??look around for …; look up (down) at …; catch sight of …; ??take a look at …; hear sb do (doing); take notice of …; ??take view of …; have a good understanding of …; ??consider sb (sth) to be …; come to know…; ??realize that …; know that +从句
8、情感与欲望 ??be pleased with …; be delighted in doing…; ??take a pleasure in doing; be worried about; ??feel surprised at … ??be sorry for …; be angry with sb for sth; ??be angry about …(为某事生气)； ??look forward to doing…; wish to do; expect to do; ??long for (long to do); be sick for one’s home; ??have a strong desire to do …;
9、健康状况及治疗 ??be in good shape; be in good (poor )health; ??feel weak (well, terrible, sick); have got a high (slight ) fever; ??have a slight (bad) cold; take one’s temperature; ??have got a pain in …; be good (bad) for one’s health(eyes); ??It’s nothing serious. stay in bed until…; save one’s life
10、其它 ??It (take)sb. some time to do…; It is said that …; ??be fit for; be short of; be well dressed; ??miss the lecture (train); change…into…; ??waste time doing; spend time doing; be busy doing; ??have no choice but to do; I can’t help it. be in need of…; ??be mistaken about …; fall behind…; catch up with; ??on behalf of; instead of; be welcome to do…; ??Running, biking and swimming are popular in summer. ??Skiing and skating are my favorite winter sports.
11、信件开头常用语 You letter came to me this morning. I have received your letter of July the 20th. ??I’m writing to you about the lecture to be given next Monday. ??I’m writing to ask if you can come next week. ??How time flies! It’s three months since I saw you last. ??Thank you for your letter. ??In reply to your letter about (the exhibition this year)…; ??Let me tell you that…
12、信件结尾常用语 ??Please remember me to your whole family. ??Give my best regards (wishes) to your mother. ??Best wishes. With love. Wish you a pleasant journey. ??Wish you success. Wish you the best of health. (luck) ??Looking forward to your next visit to China. ??Looking forward to the pleasure of meeting you. ??Expecting to hear from you as soon as possible.
13、问路和应答 Go down this street Turn night/left at the first crossing It’s about…meters from here You can’t miss it In front of behind at/a the corner(不用in) Pass two blocks
⑴A large number of visitors come here
⑵There are lots of visitors coming here every day
⑶Many people visit here every day
⑷A lot of people pay a visit here every day
多使用过渡性词语使句子连贯表列举：for example、for instance、that is to say表补充：besides、in addition、moreover表对比：on the one hand…on the other hand in spite of表原因：because of、thanks to、due to、owing to表结果：therefore、thus、as a result、so表结论：to conclude、in a word、in brief、to sum up表转折：however、nevertheless、yet
（1）Environmental/water/air/noise pollution （2）Resources exhaustion
（3）Wildlife extinction （4）Endangered species
（5）Natural habitat （6）Reserve areas
（7）Sand/dust storm （8）Clear-cutting/deforestation
（9）Over fishing （10）Overgrazing
（11）Soil erosion （12）Water and soil conservation
（13）Desertification （14）Natural disaster
（15）Flood threat （16）Fire hazard
（21）Disruption of ecological balance（the balance of ecosystem）
（22）Eruption of volcanoes （23）Earthquake
（26）Hurricane （27）Shortage of water resources
（28）Shortage of fresh water （29）Harmful chemicals
（30）Poisonous/toxic gases （31）Carbon monoxide
（32）Urban smog （33）Industrial waste
（34）Hazardous nuclear waste （35）Radioactive pollutants
（36）Waste gas sent off from automobiles （37）Car emission standard
（38）Non-biodegradable material （39）Throw-away lunchbox
（40）Recyclable product （41）Renewable resources
（42）Conserve natural resources （43）Plastic bags
（44）Greenhouse effect （45）Global warming
（46）Acid rain （47）Energy crisis
（48）Oil leakage （49）Environment awareness
（50）Pest rampancy （51）Rescue and relief work
（1）Pollution is, in fact, threatening our existence.
（2）Villagers are as a rule healthier than people who live in towns. One reason for this is that country air is fresher than the air in smoky cities.
（3）Most of the noise in the city comes from traffic, factories and construction sites.
（4）There is an increasingly loud voice from the public calling for firm action against pollution.
（5）Scientists have warned that unless effective solutions are worked out, the problem of pollution will eventually get out of hand.
（6）Many factories discharge enormous harmful chemicals into air and rivers every day.
（7）To kill insects, farmers use a large amount of insecticides so as to have a bumper harvest. As a result, they pollute the air, water and land.
（8）The gas from car engines is very poisonous. It is a main source of air pollution in cities.
（9）Deforestation result in the increase of global temperature and unpleasant change of climate.
（10）The earth is our home and we have the duty to take care of it for ourselves and for our later generation.
（11）Beijing now has become one of the most polluted cities in the world. Among the 10 cities with the worst air pollution in the world last year, Beijing was the third most polluted city.
（12）If the city had not plagued by poor quality air, the annual death rate in Beijing would have been 4 percent lower in past three years, according to the research done jointly by Beijing Medical University and Harvard University.
（13）Beijing consumes 2.8 million tons of coal each year, of which 75 percent are low-grade coal.
（14）To make room for those buildings, trees are being cut down, grass plots occupied. Cities look like nothing but grey concrete woods.
（15）Modern cities should be expanding with a certain percentage for green-plant areas.
（16）We must begin now to protect our only earth.
（17）Almost everything we use daily comes from the land directly or indirectly.
（18）But the limited land is decreasing at a surprising speed.
（19）The nature has given us so much, but looks at what we have done in return for its generosity.
（20）The ozone layer is our natural shield in the sky, but this shield is in great danger due to human activities. To protect the ozone layer is to protect us.
（21）Depleting the ozone layer allows more UV-B to reach the earth, which means more skin cancers, more eye cataracts（白内障），weakened immune systems, and reduced plant yield.
（22）The nature has been irritated, which results in the shortage of valuable resources, air pollution, countless acres of lands becoming deserts, etc.
（23）Fortunately, many countries have got to know the seriousness of the problem and take active measures to preserve the environment.
（24）We sincerely hope that all the people in the world will take part in the campaign and join hands to protect the nature.
（25）Besides, trees and lawns in our cities will in the long run help improve the local climate.
（26）The government should also spend more money on the preservation of current lawns and cultivation of new lawns.
（27）Chinese government has taken strict measures to stop careless and indiscriminate felling of trees.
（28）Therefore, governments are playing the most important role in environmental protection today.
（29）The government should let people full realize the importance of environmental protection through education.
（30）Cars should be equipped with special devices to reduce auto emission.
（31）Farmers can utilize modern biological techniques instead of chemical fertilizers to grow crops.
（32）Desert can be turned into cultivated land by a certain kind of shrub.
（33）Recycling of paper, steel and plastics is important for helping protect our environment.
（34）The city was beautified on a tremendous scale.
（35）Energy crisis will threaten our existence because of the people’s extravagance and the rapid growth of he population.
（36）It is imperative that we investigate and develop new sources of energy immediately.
（37）With the expansion of industrialization, requirement for energy all over the world is on the rise.
（38）We have a great need for energy because of the rapid growth of our economy.
（39）These rich energy resources are being used up rapidly.
（40）To avoid energy crisis in the future, we should take some actions.
（41）The overuse of energy has influenced ecological balance.
（42）The development of modern life is placing and ever increasing demand for electricity.
（43）If there were no energy, our world would be in a state of confusion.
（44）Protecting endangered species helps protect a healthy environment. Endangered species are nature’s early warning system for pollution and environmental degradation that may someday affect human health.（濒危物种是大自然的关于污染和环境恶化的早期警戒系统，污染和环境恶化有朝一日会影响人类的健康。）
（45）Protecting endangered species saves a part of nature for our children and grandchildren to enjoy.
（46）Protecting endangered species helps protect sustainable economies and a good quality of life. Endangered species of fish, wildlife and plants are of ecological, educational, historical, recreational and scientific value to the nations and their people.
（47）All of the living creatures, including humans, are part of a complex, delicately balanced network called the biosphere.
（48）No creature exists in isolation. The removal of a single species can set off a chain reaction affecting many others.
（49）It is estimated that about 12,000 Tibetan antelopes are killed each year. If this trend continues, this species will be extinct in two decades.
（50）A healthy environment for wildlife contributes to healthy environment for people, today and tomorrow.
（1）Population explosion/baby boom （2）Population census
（3）Birth/death rate （4）Family planning
（5）Suicide bombing （6）Dropout students
（7）Eliminate illiteracy （8）Help those in distress and aid those in peril
（9）Poverty-stricken areas （10）Remote and mountain areas
（11）Shake off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity
（12）Brain drain （13）Corruption phenomenon
（14）Offer and take bribes （15）Embezzle pubic funds
（16）Counterfeit certificates （17）Counterfeit currency/ID card
（18）Credit card fraud （19）Fake commodities
（20）Vending machine （21）Generation gap
（22）Couch potato （23）Keep a concubine/mistress
（24）Casino/gambling （25）Go on a diet
（27）Enjoy banquets using public funds （28）Bad construction projects
（29）Suspend/discontinue a project
（30）Welfare-oriented public housing distribution system
（31）High-rise apartment building
（32）Down payment (by monthly installments)
（33）Juvenile delinquency （34）Laid-off workers
（36）On-the-job training/professional training
（37）Reemployment project （38）U.N. Security Council
（39）Government-funded personnel studying abroad
（40）Racial/sex discrimination （41）Traffic jam/road congestion
（42）Drunk driving （43）Violation of traffic regulations
（44）Hit-and-run accident （45）Rush/peak hour
（46）Security personnel （47）Spokesman for news release
（48）Press conference （49）Globalization
（50）Intellectual property right （51）Infringement on the patent right
（52）Bid for the Olympic Games （53）Sports lottery
（54）Live broadcast （55）Frozen food
（56）Preservation of cultural relics
（57）Change from temporary to regular worker
（58）Body-building exercises （59）Bungee jumping
（60）Permanent residence certificate （61）Euthanasia
（62）Drug addition （63）AIDS disease
（64）Campus violence （65）Child abuse
（1）More and more people come to realize the importance of regular physical exercise.
（2）We must struggle against our own laziness and stay with our training, rain or shine.（风雨无阻）
（3）Maintaining our health is very important. No one should trifle with his health.
（4）Physical exercise increases the appetite and favors digestion. It increases the circulation of the blood. Physical exercise can develop one’s self-confidence, judgment, and a strong will.
（5）Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. (Benjamin Franklin)
（6）A sound mind is in a sound body.
（7）Taking part in sports and games will keep us fit and healthy.
（8）Proper sports activities help us strengthen our physical body and build our sense of competition and cooperation.
（9）Research shows that getting plenty of exercise makes heart beat faster and lung work harder, thus strengthening the heart and reducing the chance of heart attack, and helping to lower blood pressure.
（10）For those who work with their brains most of the day, the practice of sport is especially useful.
（11）Once a habit is formed, it is difficult and sometimes impossible to shake it off.
（12）It is easier to fall into bad habits than to get into good ones.
（13）Many successful men declare that they own much of their prosperity to the formation of certain good habits in early life, such as punctuality, early rising, honesty, and thoroughness.
（14）The eating habits of Chinese people have changed dramatically in the past decade.
（15）People begin to eat less grain, but more fruit and vegetables. Fresh fruit and vegetables are rich in carbohydrate（碳水化合物）, vitamins and minerals.
（16）People now pay much attention to nutrition, so they choose to eat meat and drink milk.
（17）Fish and chicken contain more protein and less fat.
（18）The issue of re-employment is of vital importance to the country’s reform, development and stability.
（19）Some statistics indicate that trained workers are three times as likely to be re-employed as those who haven’t participated in any training programs.
（20）A re-employment-oriented training network should be formed immediately to cover as many laid-off workers as possible to enhance their abilities to face challenges.
（21）Its no shame to earn bread with one’s own hands no matter what kind of work he does, but it’s a disgrace to idle along with folded arms and wait until financial aid arrives.
（22）China is undergoing a period of transition from a socialist planned economy to a socialist market economy.
（23）The government is supposed to issue more beneficial policies to help the lay-offs out of difficulty.
（24）Everyone desires and pursues happiness. But happiness means different things to different people.
（25）I’ll be happy if I can realize my value in my future career and make some contribution to the development of our country. （26）Happiness also means being on good term with my colleagues and friends.
（27）The only ones who will be really happy are those who will have sought and found how to serve the people.
（28）Happiness lies first of all in health.
（29）Happiness is always abounded from hard work.
（30）Happiness consists in contentment.
（31）Every generation has its own view of life and value system, which results from its living circumstances.
（32）As long as different generations can understand each other and avoid foisting their own views and values on others, there will be fewer conflicts and more harmony between the generations.
（33）The old assume that they know best, but it is only a matter of experience.
（34）The young know how to enjoy work and leisure and not to be inhibited.（约束）
（35）Children often complain that their parents cannot understand them, while parents feel sorry that their children seldom show them proper respect and obedience.
（36）Children should respect their parents and be aware that what their parents do is for their good.
（37）As reformation goes deeper in China, civil servants no longer have “iron rice bowls” as they used to have in many places.
（38）Whatever we do, we should do in our power.（尽力而为）
（39）To make a wise choice of occupations, two important things should be taken into consid-eration. One is the interest, the other, the demand of the people and society.
（40）It is definitely true that behind every daily activity lies a motive. As a matter of fact, we can achieve nothing without a realistic goal.
（41）Everybody should have a goal in his life, because aimless life wastes our energy and time.
（42）Whatever goal you might have, the primarily important thing you should have in life is health.
（43）It is universally true that everyone needs good health. With our society becoming more competitive, it is important to stay healthy.
（44）For one thing, people with good health can do work with full energy and their excellence in work in turn contributes to their health and happiness. For another, an unhealthy person is seldom able to show interest in everything around him and therefore he loses many opportunities to achieve success.
（45）Generally speaking, those who have good motives do their duties well. For example, parents work hard from early morning till late at night because they want to support their families. Students study diligently either to rank top in their class or to be prepared for their future success.
（46）On the other hand, people do things evil because they have evil goals. For instance, the motive for getting money without hard work makes a pickpocket steal a purse. To fulfill his evil desire, a robber grab others’ belongings, and a murderer can kill an innocent person. These wicked motives are the kind that people need to get rid of because they hurt others.
（47）It is often easier to have ideals than to carry them out.
（48）Effort and persistence are necessary for the realization of ideals.
（49）Once the goal is determined, we must create opportunities to reach it. Work hard and be patient after your goal is set. Try your best to make your life happen in the way you wish to see it. It is those who set the right goal and stick to it long enough will finally achieve it.
（50）Living without an aim is like sailing without a compass. When ideals are gone you may still exist, but you have ceased to live.（虽生犹死）
A. Just as every coin has two sides, cars have both advantages and disadvantages．
B. Compared to/ In comparison with letters, e-mails are more convenient.
C. When it comes to computers, some people think they have brought us a lot of convenience. However,...
D. Opinions are divided on the advantages and disadvantages of living in the city and in the countryside.
E. As is known to all/ As we all know, computers have played an important role/part in our daily life.
F. Why do you go to university? Different people have different points of view.
A. I am writing to you to apply for admission to your university as a visiting scholar.
B. I read an advertisement in today’s China Daily and I apply for the job...
C. Thank you for your letter of May 5.
D. How happy I am to receive your letter of January 9.
E. How nice to hear from you again.
A. Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please. I have an announcement to make.
B. Attention, please. I have something important to tell you.
C. Mr. Green, Welcome to our school. To begin with, let me introduce Mr. Wang to you.
A. Ladies and gentlemen, I feel very much honored to have a chance here to make a speech on the subject -- A Balance Diet and Health.
B. Good morning everyone! Allow me, first of all, on behalf of all present here, to extend our warm welcome and cordial greeting to our distinguished guest.
as well as, not only…but (also), including,
A. Not only do computers play an important part in science and technology, but also play an informative role in our daily life.
B. All of us, including the teachers / the teachers included, will attend the lecture.
C. He speaks French as well as English.=He speaks English, and French as well.=He speaks not only English but also French.
D. E-mail, as well as telephones, is playing an important part in daily communication.
on one hand ,on the other hand, on the contrary/contrary to ..., though, for one thing ;for another, nevertheless
A. I know the Internet can only be used at home or in the office, but on the other hand, it is becoming more and more popular for much information as well as clear and vivid pictures.
B. It is hard work; I enjoy it though.
C. Contrary to what I had originally thought, the trip turned out to be fun.
even, besides, what’s more, as for, so…that…, worse still, moreover, furthermore; but for, in addition, to make matters worse
A. The house is too small for a family of four, and furthermore/besides/what’s more/moreover /in addition/worse still , it is in a bad location.
in one’s opinion, that is to say, for example, for instance, as a matter of fact, in fact, namely
A. As a matter of fact, advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life．
B. There is one more topic to discuss, namely/that is ( to say ), the question of education.
first/firstly, meanwhile, before long, ever since, while, at the same time, in the meantime, shortly after, nowadays,
A. They will be here soon. Meanwhile, let’s have coffee.
B. Firstly, let me deal with the most important difficulty.
especially, indeed, at least, at the most, What in the world/on earth.. , not at all ,
A. Noise is unpleasant, especially when you are trying to sleep.
B What in the world/on earth are you doing?
thanks to, because, as a result, because of/as a result of , without, with the help of..., owe ...to...
A. The company has a successful year, thanks mainly to the improvement in export sales.
B. As a result, many of us succeeded in passing the College Entrance Examinations.
in short; briefly/ in brief ; generally speaking, in a word, as you know, as is known to all
A. Generally speaking, sending an e-mail is more convenient than sending letters.
B. In short, measures must be taken to prevent the environment being polluted.
There are different opinions among people as to……Some people suggest that
There is an old saying……Its the experience of our forefathers，however，it
is correct in many cases even today.
Today, …… which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ……
Second,……What makes things worse is that…….
Nowadays，it is common to ……. Many people like …… because ……
Everything has two sides and …… is not an exception，it has both advantages
People’s opinions about …… vary from person to person. Some people say
that ……To them,……
Man is now facing a big problem …… which is becoming more and more serious.
……has become a hot topic among people，especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.
……has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it
has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.
According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph，it
can be seen that……while. Obviously，……but why?
On the contrary，there are some people in favor of……t the same time，they
But I dont think it is a very good way to solve …….For example，……Worst
……is necessary and important to our countrys development and construction. First，……Whats
more, ……Most important of all,……
There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can……
Confronted with……we should take a series of effective measures to…….
For one thing，For another，
It is high time that something was done about it. For example. ……In addition.……All
these measures will certainly…….
Why…… The first reason is that ……The second reason is ……The
third is…….For all this, the main cause of ……use to …….
However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ……also has
its own disadvantages, such as ……
Nonetheless, I believe that ……is more advantageous.
I fully agree with the statement that ……because…….
As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I
think that ……
In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ……Only in this way can ……in the future.
But ……and……have heir own advantages. For example, …… while……
Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to……
Personally, I believe that…… Consequently, I’m confident that a bright
future is awaiting us because……
With the development of society, ……So its urgent and necessary to ……If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better
For my part, I think it reasonable to…… Only in this way can you……
7. 对我来说，我认为有必要……。原因如下：第一，……； 第二，……；最后……但同样重要的是……
In my opinion, I think it necessary to……The reasons are as follows. First
……second …… Last but not least,……
It is difficult to say whether ……is good or not in general as it depends
very much on the situation of…….however, from a personal point of view
From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion
If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable
result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is
When it comes to ..., some think ...
There is a public debate today that ...
A is a commen way of ..., but is it a wise one?
Recentaly the problem has been brought into focus.
Now there is a growing awareness that...
It is time we explore the truth of ...
Nowhere in history has the issue been more visible.
... but that is only part of the history.
Another equally important aspect is ...
A is but one of the many effects. Another is ...
Besides, other reasons are...
Just imagine what would be like if...
It is reasonable to expect...
It is not surprising that...
... such as A,B,C and so on (so forth)
A good case in point is...
A particular example for this is...
One of the greatest early writers said ...
"Knowledge is power", such is the remard of ...
"......". That is how sb comment ( criticize/ praise...).
"......". How often we hear such words like there.
（先说故事主体），this story is not rare.
..., such delimma we often meet in daily life.
..., the story still has a realistic significance.
There are many reasons for ...
Why .... , for one thing,...
The answer to this problem involves many factors.
Any discussion about this problem would inevitably involves ...
The first reason can be obiviously seen.
Most people would agree that...
Some people may neglect that in fact ...
Others suggest that...
Part of the explanation is ...
The advantages for A for outweigh the disadvantages of...
Although A enjoys a distinct advantage ...
Indeed , A carries much weight than B when sth is concerned.
A maybe ... , but it suffers from the disadvantage that...
To understand the truth of ..., it is also important to see...
A study of ... will make this point clear
Certainly, B has its own advantages, such as...
I do not deny that A has its own merits.
From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw
the conclusion that ...
In summary, it is wiser ...
be/get/become used to 习惯于 be given to 喜欢；癖好 be related to 与…有关系
be addicted to 沉溺于；对…上瘾 be opposed to 反对 devote oneself to献身于；专心于
be devoted to 致力于；忠诚于 be admitted to 被…录取；准进入 be reduced to 沦为
reduce…to…使…沦为 be attached to附属于；喜欢；依恋 be adjusted to 适应
be known to 为…所知 be married to 和…结婚 be sentenced to被判处
be connected to 和…连在一起 be exposed to 暴露于；遭受 be compared to 被比喻成
compare… to…把…比作… be/become/ get accustomed to//accustomed to 惯于；有…习惯
be engaged to 与…订婚 get down to 着手做 lead to 导致
object to反对；不喜欢；不赞成 put one’s mind to全神贯注于 give rise to 引起
look forward to 盼望 pay attention to 注意 stick to 坚持
attend to 专心；注意；照料； see to 负责；注意 contribute to对…作贡献；有助于
make contributions to对…作贡献 apply oneself to 致力于 come close to几乎；将近
reply to 回答 add to 增加 add up to 加起来 in addition to除…之外
turn to转向；求助于 feel up to 能胜任于 look up to 尊敬 admit to承认
belong to 属于 take to 喜爱；开始 cling to 附着 fall to 开始
respond to 回答；对…作出回应 accustom oneself to 使自己习惯于 amount to等于
set an example to 给…树立榜样 refer to 谈到；参考；查阅
agree to sth. 同意某事 （比较：agree to do sth. 同意做某事） prefer… to…更喜欢
take/make a trip to到…地方去 join…to…把…和 …连接起来turn a blind eye to对…视而不见
turn a deaf ear to 对…充耳不闻 show honour to向…表示敬意
put an end to(bring… to an end) 结束
drink (a toast) to 为……干杯
propose a toast to 提议……
set fire to 放火烧……
happen to… 发生了……事
occur to sb. 想起；想到
total up to 总计达
be close to 几乎；将近
hold to 坚持；抓住
help oneself to 随便用……
hold on to 抓住；固守
do harm to 对……有害处
do wrong to 冤枉某人
date back to 追溯到
come to 来到；达到；结果为
(比较：come to do sth逐渐做某事)
when it comes to… 谈到……时
give an eye to着眼于
have an eye to doing 打算
describe to 向……描述
treat sb. to sth. 请某人吃……
trust sth. to sb.把某物委托给某人
pay a visit to 参观……
the key to ……的答案
access to 进入；取得的方法
on one’s way to 在去某处的路上；在达成某事的过程中
be a stranger to 不习惯；对……陌生
be kind to 对……和善
be important to 对……重要
be senior to 年龄长于……
be junior to年龄小于……
be equal to 和……相等
be particular to ……所特有的
（比较：be particular about 对……过于讲究；挑剔）
be subject to 服从；隶属；易遭受患
be familiar to 为 ……熟悉
be similar to 和……相似
be open to 对……开放
be loyal to 对……忠诚
be helpful to对……有益处
be useful to对……有用
be good to sb对某人好
（比较：be good for 对……有益处）
be bad to 对……不好
be bad for（比较：对……有害处）
be new to 对……不习惯；对……陌生
next to ……的旁边
due to 由于；归因于……
be due to do sth.预定要做某事
owing to 由于；因……的缘故
thanks to 多亏了；由于
as to 关于；至于
in/with regard to 关于
in/with relation to 关于；就……而论
according to 根据 subject to 在……条件下；依照
1“看” look看的动作/ see看的结果; watch观察/observe为了研究进行的观察; Notice注意catch sight of看见/ stare好奇地看/ glare瞪着看
Glance瞅见/glimpse瞥见 see a film watch TV
2“说” telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth告诉的内容 talk with sb about sth强调说话者之间的交流 Say sth诉说的内容 speak in English说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语 Inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 Bargain讨价还价 chat聊天 repeat重复 explain解释 warn警告 remind提醒 Discuss 讨论debate辩论 figure 指出declare宣布 claim自称 mention 提起 admit 承认deny 否绝 describe描述 announce 公布 introduce 介绍complain抱怨
3“叫” cry哭叫 call叫 shout大喊 scream尖叫 moan呻吟 sigh叹气 quarrel大吵
4“问” ask 询问 interview 采访 express表达 question审问
5“答” answer回答 respond回应(用其他方式回应) reply回复
6 “听” listen to听的动作 hear听的结果 pick up收听 overhear无意听到
7“写” dictate听写 write sth 写 describe描写 drop a line 写信 draw画
take down/write down写下，记下
8“拿/放” take拿走 bring拿来 hold举着 carry扛，挑 （无方向性） fetch拿来拿去 lift举 Put放 lay 铺/放置 pull拉/push推
9“抓” take hold of 抓着 seize紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠
10“打” hit一次性的打击 beat不间断的打击 strike突然的击打/突然想到 blow吹刮
11“扔” throw扔 drop掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake摇
12“送” send寄送 deliver递送 give给 offer 主动给予 see off给某人送行
13“摸/抱” touch摸 /fold折叠 /embrace拥抱 / hug抱/hold 握 in one’s arms
14“踢/碰” kick踢/knock敲/ tip 轻敲
15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip溜 come/go enter进入 move搬迁 drive开车 ride 骑fly crawl 匍匐前进
16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand站，耸立/ lean斜靠
17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed have a rest take a nap打盹 be asleep bend turn over翻身 rest
18“笑” smile 微笑（不出声） laugh burst into laughter burst out laughing
19“哭” cry shed tears 留泪 weep呜咽地哭 sob抽泣 burst into tears /burst out crying
20“找/查” find找到 look for正在找过程 find out查明 discover/explore 发现/探索
hunt for search for seek / seek for in search of寻找 Search sb 搜身 search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地
Check检查，核实 examine 考察发现问题/体检 test检测，检验 inspect视察
21“穿” put on 动作 wear穿戴 have on试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up化装
get changed换衣服 be in red Take off 脱 remove 去除
22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip吮吸 have a meal have supper toast taste
treat sb to请某人吃 help oneself to 随便吃
23“得” get obtain acquire获得知识和技能 gain possess
24“失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing人错过失踪，不见 gone不见（物） great loss die die off相继死去 die away 逐渐消失
25“有” have 有 own是自己的 conquer征服 occupy占有=possess
26“无” nothing left the remaining thing disappear be missing /gone
27“增/减” rise / go up /drop
人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease
28“买/卖” buy purchase afford pay pay off pay for sell on sale bargain
Bill / cheque / cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts
29“存在/消失”come into being exist appear survive live show turn up
Disappear die die out pass away be out of sight
30“变化” develop improve become grow go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without（ negative adj.） turn + colour change /change into reform
31“认识的过程”feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize
Understand remember be familiar with recall recite apply to
32“成功/失败”make it succeed make progress come true realize one’s dream win
Lose fail to do failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. Into reality
33“努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do
34祝贺 congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会
35赞美/批评 praise think highly of / blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame
criticize /scold sb. for sth. have a low opinion of sb Speak ill of
36喜/恶 like love be fond of be keen on be crazy about adore be into prefer enjoy in favor of Dislike hate be awful/disgusting ignore turn off
37判断 think believe consider find feel conclude infer doubt
38到达 arrive at reach return to get to stay in sp visit leave leave for
on one’s way to upon one’s arrival on doing sth
39受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer from
suffer a loss
40损坏 damage destroy ruin break down be broken crash
41修复 repair rebuild restore fix recover oneself
42支持/反对 agree disagree accept receive refuse turn down
be against elect vote for/ against
43 做饭 cook wash cut chop boil fry steam make mix clean brush cover uncover cooker
44 建议 advise suggest recommend urge propose demand persuade 说服
45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth Sb+afford +n/to do sth
It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s expense
46 省/存钱 save /save up set aside put away spare no effort/ time
47 参加 take part in join /join in attend compete in/ for/against
48控告 accuse sb. of charge sb. With
49 救治 help /help out save /rescue sb from sth. Treat过程 / cure 结果sb. Of sth
Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth
50敬佩 admire respect show respect for/to adore envy /be jealousy in honor of
51逃避 ran away escape from flee hide
52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth forbid doing sth. Ban prohibit
53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth solve settle
54 效仿 copy imitate learn from learn
54 爆发/发生 come about happen to take place break out
burst out go off explosion
55安装/装备 fasten fix set equip
be armed with 用什么武装 be equipped with装备有
56 追求 pursuit ran after seek after chase catch up with赶上 keep up with跟上
57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as把什么看成 think about想起 consider
think over仔细考虑 be concerned 担心 be considerate towards sb.
58 打算 plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do
59 似乎/好象 seem appear look like as if as though
60 开办/关闭 open start set up close/close up end close down
1假期vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off
2旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking
3职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess
Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher
Conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard
4餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu bill order tip fork and knife reserve /book table Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray napkin
5诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician surgeon specialist patient
6车站/机场 airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb.
7身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist
8意志 will courage patience determination faith effort confidence ambition energy
9才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud
Strict honest cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable
10优缺点 advantage disadvantage strength weakness
11目标 aim goal intention purpose belief faith
12方式 means method way manner approach
13身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight
14图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图
15文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction article magazine newspaper journal 日志 diary日记 Files form make a list of
16课堂class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree
Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks
17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony
18建议/观点 advice suggestion idea proposal view recommandation
19气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth
20交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike
give sb. a lift/ride
21习惯 habit custom get used to regular有规律的（形容词） practice惯例（名词）
22感觉 sight hearing touch smell sense
23情感 feeling emotion anger delight sadness sorrow
24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond be rich/well-off
25 运动比赛 on the playground on the track and filed pitch event game match sports player Coach judge jogging weightlifting play volleyball/soccer/
26衣服 clothes, cloth, clothing clothes统指各种衣服，谓语动词永远是复数， cloth指布，为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称，指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of
27事件 incident, accident incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故
乐happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused
悲 sad unhappy painful bitter
平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful
烦bother bored be fed up with
震惊 surprised astonished shocked /amazed
怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid
失望desperate disappointed hopeless be depressed
满意be satisfied with /be content to do
生气 Annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage
narrowly/ Nearly/ almost hardly/ hard extremely/ very very/ quite
Accidently/ once in a while occasionaly/ once far / by far
Farther/ further better/ worse be well/ good however/ therefore/so/thus
Run/ manage grow/ plant leave/remain fit/ suit/ match
Hit/ beat/strike meet/ satisfy touch /feel play /performer
Contain/ hold /seat/ fill lie/sit/locate help/work/ do
Fall/ sink/ drop matter/ problem /trouble/ money/ account
Cause/ reason that’s why/ that’s because because/ since,as/ for
Last/ continue keep/ stay/ treat/ cure/ operate separate/ divide
Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold turn/become/go change/vary/range
___________（to be continued）
begin with2. make a banana milk shake3. turn on /turn off/ turn up/ turn down4. cut up = cut --- into pieces5. a cup of yogurt6. two teaspoons of honey7. add--- to—8. a popcorn popper9. three sandwiches10. two slices of bread11. a recipe for---12. green onion13. hang out14. buy a souvenir15. buy some gifts16. go to the aquarium17. win the prize for the best performer18. at the end of ---在---的尽头19. in the end= at last= finally20. sleep late21. go for a drive22. class monitor班长23. on my last day off24. on your next day off25. have a yard sale26. get wet淋湿27. in future 今后28. in the future 将来29. in yesterday’s singing competition30. be born31. too--- to –太—以致于不能= so--- that—如此—以致于--32. play golf33. start golfing34. ice skating35. tour the U.S.36. take part in37. because of –38. major in English and management39. Tsinghua University40. learn to play the accordion41. hum difficult pieces of music 哼唱难度较高的曲子42. a well-known pianist43. table tennis44. grow up45. computer science46. computer programmer47. a professional basketball player48. take acting/guitar lessons 上表演/吉他课49. move to ----50. somewhere interesting51. my dream job52. find a part-time job53. save money54. at the same time55. hold art exhibitions/ have fashion shows56. travel all over the world57. make New Year’s resolutions58. learn to play an instrument59. become rich and famous60. do a survey of 就—做调查61. keep fit =keep healthy =keep in good health=stay healthy62. find a job as a foreign language teacher63. exchange student64. do chores65. do the dishes66. do the laundry67. sweep the floor68. take out the trash69. clean the living room70. make the /one’s bed71. fold the clothes72. go to a meeting73. get a ride 搭车74. work on 忙于，从事75. buy drinks and snacks76. feed my dog77. borrow ---from---- 从---借78. lend --- to ---把—借给---79. agree with sb80. disagree with sb81. take (good) care of =look after—well82. radio station83. close to84. have friendly service85. comfortable seats86. good quality clothes87. movie theater = cinema88. clothing store89. talent show90. get together聚在一起91. brown bread；黑面包92. Forbidden City故宫93. not --- at all94. the capital of --- 的首都95. Library of Congress国会图书馆96. the Great Depression大萧条97. my elder sister我的姐姐98. ice hockey冰球99. on the frozen pond在结冰的池塘上100. table manners 餐桌规矩101. stay still 保持不动102. my own room103. in fact104. pay for 为---付款105. pay钱for sth =spend 钱on sth =sth cost sb 钱 干----花了某人多少钱106. go Dutch 个人付个人的帐107. leave a tip 付小费108. hot pot 火锅109. have a try 试一试110. main course 主食111. side dish配菜112. how many/ how much 多少113. how long/ how often 多长/多久一次114. how soon / how far 多久后/多远115. on you last school trip116. take photos of me 给我照张相117. what else = what other things118. have a good /great time119. watch a dolphin show120. take a class121. go camping122. That sounds interesting123. That sounds like a busy day off.124. at the age of125. start writing music 开始作曲126. play for his national team 为国家队踢球127. the great Brazilian soccer player伟大的巴西足球运动员128. become a movie star 成为电影明星129. play sports = take exercise 做运动130. a kind and loving grandma一位慈爱的祖母131. become a skating champion 成为滑冰冠军132. spend all his free time度过他的业余时间133. the first Chinese pianist in the 70-year history of competition to win this prize 在70年比赛历程中第一位获得此奖的中国钢琴家134. a five-year-old girl135. play table tennis136. play chess137. play the guitar/ piano/ violin/ accordion138. most interesting /least interesting最有趣的/最没意思的139. learn a foreign language140. make the soccer team 组建足球队141. get lots of exercise to keep fit142. interesting places = places of interest名胜143. talk to/ with 与---- 交谈144. stay out late145. take him for a walk146. play with147. come over to148. get back to149. go on vacation= take a vacation150. get angry151. be angry with sb152. what do you think of ----=What do you think about ---- = How do you like ----?153. be famous for 因—而闻名154. be famous as 作为--- 而闻名155. play a beautiful piano piece演奏了一首优美的钢琴曲156. some more 另外一些的157. on the radio = by radio158. have free time= be free159. be interested in = have interest in160. the same as161. be different from
cover up 掩饰，掩盖
cut across 走捷径，抄近路
deal with 处理，对付，安排
do without 没有……也行
fill in/out 填充，填写
get at 得到，接近；意思是
get into 进入，陷入
go after 追求
go into 进入；研究，调查
go for 竭力想取得；喜爱；支持，拥护
go through 经历，经受；详细检查
go with 伴随，与……协调
go without 没有……也行
improve on 改进
keep to 保持，坚持
lie in 在于
live up to 不辜负
live on/by 靠……生活，以……为食
live through 度过，经受过
look after 照管，照料
look at 看望，注视
look for 寻找，寻求
look into 调查，观察，过问；窥视
look over 检查，查看，调查
look through 仔细查看，浏览，温习
make for 走向，驶向；有助于
occur to 被想到，被想起
play with 以……为消遣，玩弄
refer to 参考，查阅，涉及，提到
run for 竞选
run into 撞上，偶然碰见
see to 注意，负责，照料，修理
send for 派人去请，召唤；索取
send in 呈报，递交，送来
serve as 作为，用作
set aside 挑出，拨出，留出；拒绝
sit for 参加
stand by 支持，帮助；袖手旁观
stand for 代替，代表，意味着
stand against 反抗，抵抗
stick to 坚持，忠于，信守
take after 与……相像
take for 把……认为是，把……看成是
take in 接受，吸收；了解，理解
take to 喜欢，亲近
touch on 关系到，涉及
turn into 变成
turn to 变成；求助于，借助于
turn off 关上；出产；解雇