v 1. 对比不同观点/对比法：
v ⑴ When it comes to , people’s ideas/views/notions/opinions vary from person to person/from one to another.
v ⑵ There is no consensus(共识) of opinions/there are some controversies/there is no agreement among people as to do /as to the view of .
v ⑶ Whenever people , they will come across the problem of whether they should or , and it is natural for different opinions to arise.
v ⑷ The general public has been debating whether or not .
v ⑸ Some people think we should . They say that . While others think otherwise .They argue that .
v ⑹ Some people advocate that . Others hold the opposite opinion/adopt a totally different view/take an opposite side. They believe .
v ⑺ Those in favor of believe/claim that . Those oppose to argue/hold/point out that .
v ⑻ Everything has two sides and is not an exception, it has both advantages and disadvantages.
v 2. 在两种对立观点中选择一种观点/表明自己的观点：
v ⑴ Were it left to me to decide whether we should , I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.
v ⑵ As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion is preferable/holds more weight.
v ⑶ As for me, I agree to/prefer to the former/latter idea. There are a dozen of reasons behinds my belief. First of all, .
v ⑷ Weighing up the arguments on both sides, I’m inclined to believe that .
v ⑸ In my opinion/mind, we should .
v ⑹ From my perspective/point of view, I think .
v ⑺ Personally speaking, I approve of .
v ⑻ From what I have discussed above, I can draw the conclusion that .
v 1 Nowadays, wherever you go, you will hear people talk about . 2 Whether you like it or not, it had become a part of our life.
v 3 Some people who are in favor of maintain that . 4 In their view, . 5 While those who are against argue that . 6 Besides, .
v 7 As far as I am concerned, I stand on the side of . 8 First of all, 9 Furthermore, . 10 Thirdly, . 11 Therefore, .
v 1 Views/Opinion on (Attitudes towards) vary from person to person. 2 Some people think that . 3 They hold this opinion because (they think) .
v 4 Others, however, take a negative / positive attitude to . (Others, nevertheless, are more pessimistic / optimistic about it). 5 From their point of view, . 6 Besides, .
v 7 In my opinion/Personally /From my point view /If asked my attitude, I am more in favor of . 8 I stand in / hold this attitude /opinion / view because . 9 It’s true that , but it doesn’t mean that . 10 Therefore / In a word/ In short, . 11 Instead, we should .
v 1. 分析原因：
v ⑴ There are many/plenty of/ a number of/ numerous reasons explaining/ for .
v ⑵ The reasons of lie in several aspects .
v ⑶ Many factors contribute to .
v ⑷ There are many reasons that many account for .
v ⑸ The reasons for/why are as follows:
v ⑹ There are many reasons for it, but generally, they come down in three major ones.
v ⑺ is mainly caused by .
v ⑻ What caused these changes? .
v ⑼ There are many factors that have stimulated this huge change.
v ⑽ The reasons that caused changes are diverse. On the one hand, . On the other hand, .
v ⑾ The rapid growth of owes much to .
v 2. 总结归纳 / 说明影响 / 表明作者态度 / 以作者个人为例：
v ⑴ Through the analysis, we can draw a conclusion that .
v ⑵ In short/ In brief, .
v ⑶ To solve the problem of , we .
v ⑷ From all the facts given above, we can see .
v ⑸ Considering all these /Taking all these into consideration/account, I believe .
v ⑹ As to/for me, I believe .
v ⑺ Take me as an example/In my own case, I .
v 1 In recent years, (描写现状或趋势). 2 This has caused a lot of problems.
v 3 First, (结果1). 4 For example, (细节，说明结果1). 5 Second, (结果2). (细节，说明结果2). 6 Finally, (结果3). (细节，说明结果3).
v 7 Since is such a serious problem, we should take effective measures to . 8 First, we should (措施1). 9 Besides, (措施2). 10 And finally, (措施3).
v 1 At present/ In recent years/ Nowadays, (描写现状或趋势). 2 It may someday become the main trend when (进一步描述这一现象或观点).
v 3 Three major elements/factors would be taken into consideration when (doing sth). 4 First of all, (主要因素1). 5 Moreover, (主要因素2). 6 Last, (主要因素3). 7 From their perspective, .
v 8 Everything has both positive and negative aspects, and (这种现象或观点) is of no exception. 9 (这种现象或观点的正确性). 10 However, (这种观点或现象的危害性).
v 1. 一果多因：
v ⑴ Why ? For one thing, . For another, .
v ⑵ The answer to this problem involves many factors. For one thing, . For another, . Still another, .
v ⑶ A number of factors, both physical and psychological affect/both individual and social contribute to .
v ⑷ Another important factor is .
v ⑸ is also responsible for the change/problem.
v ⑹ Certainly, the is not the sole reason for .
v ⑺ The factors that contribute to include .
v ⑻ You don’t have to look very far to identify the reason that .
v ⑼ Thanks to/ Owing to/Due to/Because of/As a result of .
v 2. 一因多果
v ⑴ It will produce a profound/far-reaching effect/impact on…… .
v ⑵ It involves some serious consequence for …….
v ⑶ There are a number of dreadful consequence of…… . Perhaps the most serious/disastrous consequence is …….
v ⑷ It may cause/result in/lead to a host/number of problems.
v ⑸ It leaves/involves some serious consequence of
v ⑹ The immediate result it produce is…… . And perhaps the most obvious result of is…… .
v 1 Nowadays, we often hear that (提出现象). 2 This phenomenon is not accidental, and there is social and individual background.
v 3 Why ? 4 For one thing, (原因1). 5 For another, (原因2). 6 For instance, (举例说明). 7 From that, 8 we .
v 9 As far as I am concerned, I agree that . 10 I think that (作者本人的观点). 11 .
v 第三段或为：9 We should take measures to . 10 First, (措施1). Second, (措施2). 11 Finally, (措施3).
v 1. 提出问题：
v ⑴ Nowadays, with , more and more , which causes serious problem to .
v ⑵ Nowadays, .It has become such a serious problem which has aroused the concern from .
v ⑶ Recently, the problem of has become increasingly serious in .
v ⑷ Today, with , a serious social problem has arisen — .
v ⑸ Today, more and more people have realized that has become a very serious problem.
v ⑹ Nowadays, there is growing concern over .
v ⑺ Currently, is being considered a major problem in .
v 2. 解决问题：
v ⑴ To solve this problem, .
v ⑵ As is known to all, there are many ways to .
v ⑶ To put an end to this serious problem, in my opinion, several measures should be taken/adopted by .
v ⑷ How can we solve this problem? I think there are three approaches.
v ⑸ If you want to solve this problem, the following advice may be helpful.
v ⑹ My suggestions to deal with/solve/relieve the problem are as follows. In the first place, . Secondly . Finally .
v ⑺ At first thought, the problem seems far too involved (复杂的), but it can certainly be solved when seriously dealt with.
v Ⅳ. 问题解决型—作文模板
v 1 Nowadays, great importance has been attached to (目前的现象及存在的问题). 2 Many ways can contribute to (要解决的问题), but the following ones may be effective.
v 3 First of all, (方法1). 4 Besides, (方法2). 5 Finally, (方法3).
v 6 In conclusion/ To sum up, the ways I have mentioned above should never be separated from each other. 7 (希望).
Ⅴ. 应用型(信函) —句子模板
v 1. 信函句子模板—开头常用表达：
v ⑴ Excuse me for not writing to you for so long a time.
v ⑵ Your letter dated is at hand.
v ⑶ Words cannot express my joy of receiving your letter of May 8th.
v ⑷ I am writing to .
v ⑸ I am very much delighted to inform you that .
v ⑹ I have the pleasure to tell you that .
v 2. 信函句子模板—结尾常用套话：
v ⑴ I send you my best wished.
v ⑵ Looking forward to hearing from you soon.
v ⑶ All the luck in the world to you.
v ⑷ Please give my best regards to your family/parents.
v Ⅴ. 应用型(信函)—作文模板
v 1 Dear ,
v 2 I am glad to know that . 3 As for ____ , I suppose that can be a good choice for you. (首先用一句话来回应收到的信，然后进入此次写信的主题。) 4 . 5 . 6 What’s more, . 7 To , you are supposed to . 8 are also of great importance, . (对来信的第二问题进行答复)
v 9 Now let’s talk about . 10 First of all, you should . 11 In addition, . (转至第三个问题) 12 If any further questions come to you, do not hesitate to write to me.
v 10 .
Ⅴ. 应用型(通知) —作文模板
v Volunteer Needed
v 1 With the approaching of (活动日) ,
(组织者) is to organize and is now recruiting volunteers.
v 2 This program is planned to . 3 It aims to . 4 By participating in the activity, volunteers can . 5 Volunteers are expected to . 6 The program will be carried out .
v 7 are needed. 8 Fellow students who meet the requirements and want to take part in the activity, please call us at or email us at .
v 9 Come and join us!
v A Campaign Speech
v 1 , (选择一个合适的称呼。)
v 2 Thank you for . 3 , 4 I am delighted to announce that . (演讲词常用开场白套语。)
v 5 , I have always been considered as . 6 Meanwhile, . 7 . 8 In addition, if I get elected. (层次清楚地陈述自己的优势，突出重点)
v 9 . 10 If elected, I am confident that . 11 I will . (工作规划的简要陈述，点到为止)
v 12 Thank you very much for your attention. (结束语套话)
v 1 ,
v 2 Welcome to . 3 First of all, I’d like to introduce myself: I am , It’s my honor to be here with all of you, and I wish you a wonderful trip today. (表示欢迎，自我介绍，开场白套话。)
v 4 Here is the schedule of the day. 5 is the first place we are going to visit this morning. 6 Then will be our destination in the afternoon. (简要介绍行程安排，无需赘述。) 7 Now we are on the way . . . . (用三四句话介绍第一景点的概况，突出重点。)
v 8 That’s the introduction to . 9 If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask me. (结束语套话)
v 1. 表示时间顺序的连接词：
v ⑴ Early in the morning/In the early morning
v ⑵ In the middle of the day/At noon
v ⑶ Late in the afternoon/In the late afternoon
v ⑷ Far/Deep into the night
v ⑸ In the past; At present,; In the future
v ⑹ First; Second; Next; Then; Finally
v ⑺ At first/In the beginning; At last/In the end
v ⑻ Shortly afterwards/At once/Immediately/All of a sudden/Suddenly/Soon
v ⑼ The moment …/As soon as…/The first time … ; Not … until…, Next time …, Before …, After …, etc.
v 1 It is (时间和地点) when (事件) took place. 2 (简单叙述一两句).
v 3 I saw sight. 4 (描写情景，注意描写的顺序). 5 To begin with, . 6 And then, . 7 Eventually, . 8 As a consequence, (结束语).
v 9 In my opinion, three factors contribute to . 10 First, (原因1). 11 Second， (原因2). 11 Last , (原因3). 12 All these led to (结束语).
v 9 I do believe (个人感受).
v 1. 图表内容总括性描述：
v ⑴ As can be seen from the table, great changes have been taking place in .
v ⑵ From the above table it can be seen that .
v ⑶ As it is shown in the table, .
v ⑷ According to the graph, .
v ⑸ It is clear from the table that .
v ⑹ The survey/study shows/suggests that .
v ⑺ According to the figures given in the table .
v ⑻ As you may see from the diagram, .
v ⑼ The two charts above tell us something about .
v 2. 图表内容具体数据变化描述：
v ⑴ increase/decrease by …
v 2. increase from … to
v 3. increase steadily from …
v 4. There was a marked increase in …
v 5. There has been a rapid increase in …
v 6. an increase of
v 7. decline in …
v 8. four times as much as …
v 9. amount to
v 10. fall from … to …
v 11. appear stable
v 12. reach (+数字)
v 13. continue to grow
v 14. has been growing faster and faster since
v 15. less than
v 16. up to
v 17. compared with
v 18. the number of … remains the same as …
v (3) 分析原因：
v 1. There are many/plenty of/ a number of/ numerous reasons explaining/ for .
v 2. The reasons of lie in several aspects .
v 3. Many factors contribute to .
v 4. There are many reasons that may account for .
v 5. The reasons for/why are as follows: .
v 6. There are many reasons for it, but generally, they come down in three major ones.
v 7. is mainly caused by .
v 8. What caused these changes? .
v 9. There are many factors that have stimulated this huge change.
v 10. The reasons that caused changes are diverse. On the one hand, . On the other hand, .
v 11. The rapid growth of . owes much to .
v (4) 总结归纳 / 说明影响 / 表明作者态度 / 以作者个人为例：
v 1. Through the analysis, we can draw a conclusion that .
v 2. In short/ In brief, .
v 3. To solve the problem of , we .
v 4. From all the facts given above, we can see .
v 5. Considering all these /Taking all these into consideration/account, I believe .
v 6. As to/for me, I believe .
v 7. Take me as an example/In my own case, I .
v 1 According to/As shown in the table/chart/graph, the period
from to , increased significant, while____
decreased/ dropped sharply.
2 There are a huge number of reasons behind this
phenomenon. /The reasons of the changes lie in several
aspects. 3 First of all, (原因1). 4 Secondly, (原因2). 5
6 All in all, we can see that in the past years/months/weeks, has/have been rising/dropping year by year. 7 We can also expect that (展望发展趋势).
6 From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. 7 The trend described in the table/chart/graph will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken).